List of Publications:

Open Access PDF's available immediately otherwise PDF's available 2 years post publication. During the 2 year interregnum you can contact Professor Fenster directly for reprints.

Journal Articles (** = undergraduate student):

Fenster, C. B. and V. Sork. 1988.  Effect of crossing distance and male parent on in vivo pollen tube growth in Chamaecrista (Cassia) fasciculata (Leguminoseae).  American Journal of Botany, 75: 1898-1903.

Fenster, C. B.  1991a.   Effect of seed parent and pollen donor on the allocation of resources to developing seeds and fruit in Chamaecrista  fasciculata. American Journal of Botany, 78:13- 23.

Fenster, C. B. 1991b. Gene flow in Chamaecrista fasciculata (Leguminosae).   I. Gene dispersal. Evolution, 45: 398-409.

Fenster, C. B. 1991c. Gene flow in Chamaecrista fasciculata (Leguminosae).   II. Gene Establishment.  Evolution, 45: 410-422.

Fenster, C. B.  1991d.   Evidence for selection on f loral traits in hummingbird pollinated flora. Biotropica, 23: 98-101.

Fenster, C. B. and K. Ritland. 1992. Chloroplast DNA and isozyme diversity in two Mimulus  species (Scrophulariaceae) with contrasting mating systems. American Journal of Botany, 79: 1440-1447.

Inouye, D. W., D. E. Gill, M. R. Dudash and C. B. Fenster. 1994. A model and a lexicon for pollen fate. American Journal of Botany, 12: 1517-1530.

Fenster, C. B. and K. Ritland. 1994a. The quantitative genetics of mating system divergence in the yellow monkeyflower species complex. Heredity, 73: 422-435.

Fenster, C. B. and K. Ritland. 1994b. Evidence for natural selection on mating system in Mimulus ( Scrophulariaceae). International Journal of Pl ant Sciences, 155: 588-596.

Carr, D. E. and C. B. Fenster. 1994. L evels of genetic variation and covariation for Mimulus (Scrophulariaceae) floral traits. Heredity, 72: 606-61 8.

Fenster, C. B. and S. C. H. Barrett. 1994. Inheritance of mating-system modifier genes in  Eichhornia paniculata (Pontederiaceae). Heredity, 72: 433-445.

Fenster, C. B. 1995.  Mirror image flowers and mating-system in Chamaecrista fasciculata  (Leguminosae).  American Journal of Botany, 82: 46-50.

Fenster, C. B., P. K. Diggle, K. Ritland and S. C. H. Barrett. 1995. The genetics of floral development differentiating two species of Mimulus. Heredity, 74: 258-266.

Fenster, C. B., C. L. Hassler** and  M. R. Dudash. 1996. Fluorescent powder is a good analog of pollen in Silene virginica (Caryophyllaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany, 74: 189-193.

Dudash, M. R. and C. B. Fenster. 1997. Multiyear study of pollen limitation and cost of reproduction in iteroparous Silene virginica. Ecology, 78: 484-493.

Dudash, M. R., D. E. Carr and C. B. Fenster. 1997. Five generations of enforced selfing and outcrossing in Mimulus guttatus: Inbreeding depression variation at the population and family level. Evolution, 51:54-65.

Fenster, C. B. 1997. Ecotypic differentiation for flood tolerance and its morphological correlates in Chamaecrista fasciculata. Aquatic Botany, 56: 215-231.

Carr, D. E., C. B. Fenster and M. R. Dudash. 1997. The relationship between mating-system characters and inbreeding depression in Mimulus guttatus. Evolution, 51: 363-372.

Fenster, C. B., L Galloway, and L. Chao. 1997. Epistasis and its consequences for the evolution of natural populations. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 12:282-286.

Fenster, C. B. and D. E. Carr. 1997. Genetics of sex allocation in Mimulus (Scrophulariaceae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 10: 641-661.

Fenster, C. B. and L. Galloway. 1997.  Developmental homeostasis: Evolutionary Consequences and Genetic Basis. International Journal of Plant Sciences, S1 58: S121-S130.

Williams , H. L., and C. B. Fenster. 1998. Genetic and ecological factors which constrain the spread of male sterility in Chamaecrista fasciculata (Fabaceae). American Journal of Botany, 85:1243-1250.

Galloway , L. F. and C. B. Fenster 1999. The effect of nuclear and cytoplasmic genes on fitness and local adaptation in annual legume, Chamaecrista fasciculata (Fabaceae). Evolution, 53: 1734-1743.

Galloway , L. F., and C. B. Fenster. 2000a. Population differentiation in an annual legume: local adaptation. Evolution, 54: 1173-1181.

Fenster, C. B. and L. F. Galloway. 2000b. Population differentiation in an annual legume: genetic architecture. Evolution, 54: 1157-1172.

Fenster, C. B. and L. F. Galloway. 2000b. Inbreeding and outbreeding depression in natural populations of Chamaecrista  fasciculata (Fabaceae): consequences for conservation biology. Conservation Biology, 14: 1406-1412.

Armbruster, W. S., C. B. Fenster and M. R. Dudash. 2000. Pollination “principles” revisited: specialization, pollination syndromes, and the evolution of flowers. Det Norske Videnskaps-akademi. I. Matematisk Naturvidenskapelige Klasse, Skrifter, Ny Serie 39: 139-148.

Fenster, C. B. and M. R. Dudash. 2001. Spatiotemporal variation in the role of hummingbirds as pollinators of Silene virginica (Caryophyllacaeae). Ecology, 82: 844-851.

Galloway , L. F. and C. B. Fenster. 2001. Nuclear and cytoplasmic contribution to intraspecific divergence in an annual legume. Evolution, 55: 488-497.

M. R. Du dash and Fenster, C. B. 2001. The role of breeding system and inbreeding depression in the maintenance of an outcrossing mating strategy in Silene virginica (Ca ryophyllaceae). Amer. J. Bot., 88: 1953-1959.

Stenøien, H, C., C. B. Fenster, H. Kuittinen, and O. Savolainen. 2002. Quantifying latiudinal clines to light responses in natural populations of Arabidopsis thaliana (Brassicaceae). Amer. J. Bot., 89:1604-1608.

Fenster, C. B., O. J. Hardy and X. Vekemans.  2003. Quantifying gene flow from spatial genetic structure data in a metapopulation of Chamaecrista fas ciculata (Leguminosae). Evolution, 57:995-1007.

Erickson, D. E., C. B. Fenster, H. C. Stenøien and D. Price. 2004. QTL analyses and the study of evolutionary process. Molecular Ecology, 13:2505-2522.

Fenster, C. B., W. S. Armbruster, P. Wilson, J. D. Thomson and M. R. Dudash. 2004. Pollination syndromes and floral specialization. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 35: 375-403.

Stenøien, H. K., C. B. Fenster, A. Tonteri and O. Savolainen. 2005. High genetic variability in natural populations of Arabidopsis thaliana from Northern Europe. Molecular Ecology, 14:137-148.

Kephart S., R. J. Reynolds, M. T. Rutter, C. B. Fenster, and M. R. Dudash. 2006. Pollination and seed predation by moths on Silene and allied Caryophyllous species: A model system to study the evolution of mutualisms. New Phytologist, 169:667-680.

Erickson , D. E. and C. B. Fenster. 2006. Intraspecific hybridization and the recovery of fitness in the native legume Chamaecrista fasciculata. Evolution, 60: 225-233.

Fenster, C. B., G. Cheely**, R. J. Reynolds and M. R. Dudash. 2006. Nectar reward and advertisement in hummingbird-pollinated Silene virginica, (Caryophyllaceae). American Journal of Botany, 93: 1800-1807.

Huang, S.-Q. and C. B. Fenster. 2007 Absence of long-tongued pollinators for long corolla- tube Himalayan Pedicularis species: implications for the evolution of corolla length. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 168: 315-331.

Fenster, C. B. and S. M. Rodriguez. 2007. Pollination specialization and the evolution of reproductive assurance mechansisms through autonomous selfing. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 93: 1800-1807.

Rutter, M. T. and C. B. Fenster. 2007. Testing for adaptation to climate in Arabidopsis thaliana: A calibrated common garden approach. Annals of Botany, 99: 529-536.

Reynolds, R. J., and C. B. Fenster. 2008. Simulating point and interval estimates of pollinator importance: a study using pollination data of Silene caroliniana. Oecologia, 156: 325-332.

Marten-Rodriguez, S., and C. B.  Fenster. 2008 Pollination ecology and breeding systems of five Gesneria species from Puerto Rico. Annals of Botany, 103: 23-30.

Martén-Rodríguez, S.G, A. Almarales-Castro, and C. B. Fenster. 2009. An evaluation of pollination syndromes in Caribbean Gesneriaceae: evidence for bat, hummingbird and generalized flowers. Journal of Ecology, 97: 348-359.

Reynolds, R. J.G, M. J. Westbrook**, A. S. Rhode**, J. M. Cridland**, C. B. Fenster, and M. R. Dudash. 2009. Pollinator specialization and pollination syndromes of three related North American Silene. Ecology, 90: 2077-2087.

Fenster, C. B., S. Martén-Rodríguez, and D. W. Schemske. 2009. Pollination syndromes and the evolution of floral diversity in Iochroma (Solanaceae). Evolution, 63: 2758-2762.

Fenster, C. B., S. W. Armbruster, and M. R. Dudash. 2009. Specialization of flowers: Is floral orientation an overlooked first step? New Phytologist, 183: 502-506.

Chen, X., S. Marten-Rodriguez, Q. – J. Li and C. B. Fenster. 2009. Potential autonomous selfing in Gesneria citrina (Gesneriaceae), a specialized hummingbird pollinated species with variable herkogamy. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 51: 973-978.

Martén-Rodríguez, S., and C. B. Fenster.  2010. Pollen limitation and reproductive assurance in Antillean Gesnerieae: are specialists more vulnerable to reproductive failure than their generalist congeners? Ecology, 91: 155-165.

Reynolds, R. J., M. R. Dudash and C. B. Fenster. 2010. Multi-year study of multivariate linear and non linear phenotypic selection on floral traits of hummingbird-pollinated Silene virginica. Evolution, 64: 358-369.

Rutter, M. T., F. H. Shaw and C. B. Fenster. 2010. Spontaneous mutation parameters for  Arabidopsis thaliana measured in the wild. Evolution, 64: 1825-1835.

Martén-Rodríguez, S., C. B. Fenster, I. Agnarsson, L. E. Skog, and E. A. Zimmer. 2010. Evolutionary breakdown of pollination specialization in a Caribbean plant radiation. New Phytologist, 188: 403-417.

Dudash, M. R., C. Hassler**, P. M. Stevens**, and C. B. Fenster. 2011. Experimental approaches to assess the consequences of floral trait variation on male reproductive success in hummingbird pollinated Silene virginica (Caryophyllaceae). Amer. J. Bot., 98: 275-282.

Frankham, R., J. D. Ballou, M. D. B. Eldridge, R. C. Lacy, K. Ralls, M. R. Dudash and C. B. Fenster. 2011. Predicting the risk of outbreeding depression: Critical information for managing fragmented populations. Conservation Biology, 25: 465-475.

Reynolds, R.J., A. A. R. Kula, C.B. Fenster and M.R. Dudash. 2012. Quantifying the sign of the interaction in a non obligate nursery pollinator system, Hadena ectypa (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and its host, Silene stellata (Caryophyllaceae). Oecologia, 168: 439-448. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-011-2095-9.

Eaton, D. A. R., C. B. Fenster, J. Hereford, S.-Q. Huang, and R. H. Ree. 2012. Floral diversity and community structure in Pedicularis (Orobanchaceae). Ecology, 93: Supplement S182-S194.

Rutter, M., A. Roles, J. Conner, R. Shaw, F. Shaw, K. Schneeberger, S. Ossowski, D. Weigel and C. B. Fenster.  2012. Brief Communication: Fitness of Arabidopsis thaliana mutation accumulation lines whose spontaneous mutations are known. Evolution, 66: 2335- 2339.

Frankham, R., J. D. Ballou, M. R. Dudash, M. D. B. Eldridge, C. B. Fenster, R. C. Lacy, J. R.     Mendelson III, I. J. Porton, K. Ralls, O. A. Ryder. 2012. Implications of different species concepts and delineations for conserving biodiversity. Biological Conservation, 153: 25-31.

Samis, K. E., C. J. Murren, O. Bossdorf, K. Donohue, C. B. Fenster, R. L. Malmberg, M. D. Purugganan, and J. R. Stinchcombe. 2012.  Longitudinal trends in climate drive flowering time clines in North American Arabidopsis thaliana. Ecology and Evolution, 2:1162-1180.

Castillo, D. M.**, A. A. R. Kula, K. A. D. Fenster**, C. B. Fenster and M. R. Dudash. 2013. Specialist pollinating seed predators exhibit oviposition strategy consistent with optimal foraging and optimal oviposition theories. Journal of Ecological Entomology, 38: 164-172.

Maad, J.P, W. S. Armbruster and C. B. Fenster. 2013. Floral evolution in Campanula rotundifolia (Campanulaceae) along altitudinal gradients: patterns and mechanisms. Nordic Journal of Botany, 31: 361-371.

Kula, A. A. R., M. R. Dudash, and C. B. Fenster. 2013. Choices and consequences of oviposition  by a pollinating seed predator, Hadena ectypa (Noctuidae), on its specialized host plant, Silene stellata (Caryophyllaceae). American Journal of Botany, 100: 1148-1154.

Stearns, F. W.G and C. B. Fenster. 2013. Evidence for parallel adaptation to climate from natural populations of Arabidopsis thaliana. Ecology and Evolution, doi: 10.1002/ece3.622.

Castillo, D. M.**, A. A. R. Kula, S. Dötterl, M. R. Dudash and C. B. Fenster. 2013. Invasive Silene latifolia benefits from a native pollinating seed predator, Hadena ectypa. International Journal of Plant Sciences, in press.



b. Chapters

Schemske ,  D. W.  and C. B. Fenster.  1983.  Pollen-grain interactions in a neotropical Costus:  Ef fects of clump size and competitors,  pp. 405-410.  IN D. L. Mulcahy and E. Ottaviano, editors.  Pollen: Biology and Implications for Plant Breeding.  Elsevier Press, New York .

Fenster, C. B., and M. R. Dudash. 1994. Genetic considerations in plant population conservation and restoration.  IN:  Restoration of Endangered Species: Conceptual Issues, Planning and Implementation, pp. 34-62. M. L. Bowles and C. Whelan (eds.) Cambridge Univ. Press.

Fenster, C. B. and L. F. Galloway.  2000c. The contribution of epistasis to the evolution of n atural populations: a case study of an annual plant. Pp. 232-244 IN: J. B. Wolf, E. D. Brodie III and M. J. Wade eds. Epistasis and the evolutionary process. Oxford University Press, NY.

Dudash, M. R. and C. B. Fenster. 2000. Inbreeding and outbreeding depression in fragmented populations. Pp. 35-53 IN: Genetics, Demography and Viability of Fragmented Populations, A. Young and G. Clarke, eds. Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom.

Fenster, C. B. and H. C. Stenøien. 2001. Clines and Ecotype. Plant Sciences for Students, Robinson, R. (ed.), Macmillan Press, N.Y.


c. Other Written Contributions (Letters, short notes, reviews, etc.)

Fenster, T. L. D. and C. B. Fenster. 1996. Plethodon cinereus (Red Back Salamander). Predation. Herpetological Review, 27: 194.

Fenster, C. B., L Galloway, and L. Chao. 1997. Letter to the Editor. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 12:  400.

Marten-Rodriguez, S., and C. B. Fenster. 2007. Autogamia y polinización por aves, murciélagos e insectos en Gesneriáceas de Las Antillas. Moscosoa, 15: 177-189.

Fenster, C. B. 2011. Book Review. Evolutionary perspectives from the molecular landscape: Evolution The Molecular Landscape, 2009. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. Book review appeared in Evolution,  65: 2412-2418.

Fenster, C. B. 2012. Book Review. Early Flowers and Angiosperm Evolution, Else Marie Friis, Peter R. Crane, and Kaj Raunsgaard Pedersen. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom. Plant Science Bulletin, 58 (no. 2, Summer Issue): 70-73 .