Department of Cell Biology & Molecular Genetics
Final Exam: sample questions
_____1. Which biome is the richest in terms of the number of species? (A) Tundra, (B) Desert, (C) Tropical Rain Forest, (D) Taiga.
_____2. What trees dominate the Boreal forest. (A) maple and oak, (B) redwood and Douglas fir, (C) hemlock and dogwood, (D) spruce and fir.
_____3. An organism that eats a green plant is known as; (A) primary
producer, (B) primary consumer, (C) primary carnivore,
(D) secondary consumer.
_____4. A large distinct ecosystem with climax plant and animal communties is called a; (A) community, (B) population, (C) biome, (D) ecosphere.
_____5. The state of stability found at the end of succession is called; (A) pioneer, (B) climax, (C) terminal, (D) endpoint.
_____6. The change of plant cover from one type of community to another
type is called; (A) progression, (B) evolution, (C) dispersion,
_____7. All of the populations of different species that occupy and
are adapted to a given geographical area are referred to as;
(A) biosphere, (B) community, (C) ecosystem, (D) ecosphere.
_____8. What kind of organism is first in primary succession on rock? (A) algae, (B) moss, (C) lichen, (D) grass.
_____9. The movement of energy through the biosphere is; (A) linear, (B) vertical, (C) horizontal, (D) cyclic.
_____10. The distribution of biomes may be controlled by; (A) temperature, (B) precipitation, (C) altitude, (D) all of these.
_____11. The term "ecology" may best be defined as; (A) the study
of homes, (B) the study of the relationships between living creatures
where they live, (C) the study of nature, (D) the study of conservation.
_____12. The first law of thermodynamics states; (A) energy may be
used to heat our homes, (B) energy is continually lost from an
ecosystem, (C) energy can not be created nor destroyed, (D) energy cannot change from one form to another.
_____13. To be an effective allergy medicine, what must be done;
(A) block antibodies, (B) block antigens (C) block histamines,
(D) all of the above.
_____ 14. This biome is very sensitive to disruption and regrowth back to a climax community is slow. (A) Taiga (B) Grassland (C) Montane (D) Tundra
_____15. Epiphytes and lianas are plants found in which biome? (A) Chaparral (B) Tundar (C) Tropical rain forest (D) Taiga
_____16. The desrt climate consists of high temeperatures and high humidity (A) True (B) False
_____17. When one has an allergic reaction such as itchy, watery
eyes, sneezing, elevated temperature, or localized redness, what is actually
happening; (A) the body is attempting to protect itself against a foreign substance, (B) the body is really sick, (C) the immune
system is compromised, (D) none of these, (E) all of these.
_____18. The principal cause of secondary succession is; (A) new
seeds blow into a field, (B) disturbance such as a forest fire, (C) the
action of lichens and mosses, (D) the application of insecticides.
_____19. One of the main reasons for extinction of many animals has
been; (A) hunting and fishing by humans, (B) habitat
destruction by humans, (C) excessive use of herbicides by humans, (D) None of the above.
_____20. If deserts are defined as areas that receive less than 25
cm of precipitation per year, could the tundra be considered
a cold desert? (A) yes, (B) no.
_____21. Climax communities are thought to be _________ ; (A) changing
with the environment, (B) in equilibrium with the
environment, (C) influenced by the environment, (D) independent of. the environment.
_____22. The northernmost land biome is (A) rain forest, (B) desert, (C) grassland, (D) tundra.
_____23. Which of the following is a pollutant in one part of the
atmosphere and a normal component in another part of the atmosphere;
(A) ozone, (B) methane, (C) carbon dioxide, (D) nitrogen.
_____24. Maintaining genetic diversity in agricultural crops is important
in order to; (A) produce a monoculture, (B) get the highest yield,
(C) prevent catastrophic disease epidemics. (D) reduce pesticide damage.
_____25. Global warming is thought to be caused by; (A) volcanic
activity and its release of hot gasses, (B) the production of
pollutants which are contaminants in oil, gas and coal, (C) an increase in carbon dioxide, (D) an increase in ozone levels,
(E) changes in worldwide weather patterns.
_____26. Ozone absorbs; (A) ultraviolet light, (B) infrared light, (C) visible light, (D) oxygen, (E) no form of light.
_____27. What would be a consequence of decreasing the ozone layer;
(A) healthier plant growth, (B) cooler earth temperatures,
(C) an increase in skin cancer, (D) fewer health problems.
_____28. The place where the ozone layer has decreased the most is over; (A) North America, (B) Antarctica, (C) New Zealand, (D) Europe.
_skip_29. Which of the following is
not a reason to be cautious about herbal cures; (A) plants do not contain
chemicals that can alleviate
human symptoms, (B) the amount of active ingredient can vary from one batch of plants to another, (C) long term
doses have an unknown result, (D) companies can market any plant material under any name as long as they do not implicitly
claim a specific health benefit.
_skip_30. Before eating cassava, people
of Central and South America soak them and discard the water. What is it
are trying to get rid of; (A) a bitter alkaloid, (B) a morphine-like compound, (C) extra starch, (D) cyanide.
_____31. Which of the following is not considered a greenhouse gas; (A) methane, (B) carbon dioxide, (C) water vapor, (D) ozone.
_____32. The molecule in CFC’s that is most significant for its interaction
with ozone and other molecules in the atmosphere is
(A) carbon, (B) fluorine, (C) chlorine, (D) hydrogen.
_____33. Since the industrial revolution CO2 in the atmosphere has increased by how much; (A) 100%, (B) 50%, (C) 20-25% (D) 10-20%.
_____34. The buildup of CO2 in the atmosphere is one reason for the
(A) greenhouse effect, (B) the green revolution, (C) increased
cataracts in humans, (D) the industrial revolution.
_____35. The extinction of the dinosaurs is considered to be part
of; (A) mass extinction, (B) background extinction,
(C) declining evolution, (D) cataclysmic evolution.
_____36. Useful indicators of pollution are; (A) bacteria (B) fungi, (C) wheat plants, (D) lichens.
_____37. What effect will deforestation of the tropical rain forest
have on the climate in that area; (A) no effect (B) rainfall will
be increased even more, (C) rainfall will be reduced and the area will become a desert (D) it will become much colder.
_____38. The innermost layer of the atmosphere is called; (A) the
stratosphere, (B) the troposphere, (C) the ionosphere,
(D) the thermosphere.
_____39 The greatest genetic diversity is found in (A) wild plants, (B) domesticated plants, (C) laboratory strains, (D) none of these.
_____40. The most important modern cause of species extinction is;
(A) habitat destruction or alteration. , (B) fishing and hunting for sport,
(C) pest and predator control, (D) hunting for commercial products.
_____41. Many plants produce poisonous or harmful chemicals to; (A)
create fertilizer from dead animal bodies,
(B) encourage their cultivation by man, (C) as a protection against herbivores that might eat them, (D) no apparent reason, since it
is so random.
_____42. Which of the following would global warming not be expected
to affect; (A) average summer temperature, (B) ozone
levels in the atmosphere, (C) ocean water levels, (D) distribution of plant and animal species characteristic of certain biomes.
_____43. Bringing together desired genes from individuals of the
same species by a controlled mating is called; (A) genetic engineering,
(B) plant breeding, (C) tissue culture, (D) molecular hybridization.
_____44. Which of the following is a problem associated with human
food resources; (A) dependence on too few different crop plants,
(B) declining genetic diversity, (C) rapid population growth, (D) all of the above.
_____45. What is the definition of a gene bank.; (A) a place where
we store our Levis, (B) a place to store seeds, (C) a tube
of recombinant DNA molecules, (D) none of the above.
_____46. The process by which the dinosaurs became extinct is referred
to as; (A) background extinction, (B) mass extinction,
(C) geologic extinction, (D) negative extinction.
_____47. Today, mass extinction is going on at an alarming rate and
is principally caused by; (A) meteorites hitting the earth,
(B) human activities, (C) climatic changes, (D) pest and predator control.
_____48. The greatest genetic diversity is found in; (A) plants in
their native habitat, (B) domesticated plants, (C) genetically
engineered plants, (D) hybrid plants.
_____49. Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere causes a heat gain near
Earth because they; (A) are highly toxic, (B) are present in very high
levels in comparison to other gasses in the atmosphere, (C) they react with other gasses in the atmosphere to produce heat, (D) they
are transparent to incoming visible light but outgoing infrared radiation is trapped as heat.
_____50. Fire plays a significant role in succession by maintaining the tropical rain forest biome. (A) True (B) False
Answers-1.C, 2.D, 3.B, 4.C, 5. B, 6.D, 7.B, 8.C, 9.A, 10.D, 11.B,
12.C, 13.C, 14.D, 15.C, 16.B, 17.A, 18.B, 19.B, 20.A,
21.B, 22.D, 23.A, 24.C, 25.C, 26.A, 27.C, 28.B, 29.D, 30.D, 30.D, 31.C, 32.C, 33.C, 34. A, 35.A, 36.D, 37.C, 38.B,
39.A, 40.A, 41.C, 42.B, 43.B, 44.D, 45.B, 46.B, 47.B, 48.A, 49.D, 50.B.