Burkholderia Summary


Burkholderia cepacia

Like Pseudomonas aeruginosa, colonizes moist environmental surfaces and associated with nosocomial infections

Respiratory tract infections in immunocompromised patients, particularly those with cystic fibrosis

Urinary tract infections, septic arthritis, peritonitis, septicemia and other opportunisitic infections


Burkholderia pseudomallei

Saprophyte found in soil, water and vegetation and prevalent in Southeast Asia, India, Africa and Australia

Recognized as cause of melioidosis during Vietnam War when soil suspended in air by helicopter blades was inhaled by military personnel

Melioidosis occurs as:

i) acute suppurative infection

ii) chronic pulmonary disease or

iii) localized suppurative cutaneous infection with lymphadenitis, fever, malaise


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